Background: Aortic root replacement is a complex operation for severe aortic root pathology such as aneurysms and dissections with concomitant aortic valve disease. Biological and mechanical valve conduits are available.
Methods: Early and midterm results were analyzed in patients undergoing aortic root replacement. From January 1, 1998, to May 31, 2007, 144 patients underwent aortic root replacement (Bentall procedures) with either a mechanical (n = 51) or a biological (n = 93) valve conduit. Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to determine whether valve type was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality, and analysis of covariance was used to compare general and disease-specific health-related quality-of-life scores.
Results: Operative mortality was 2.1%. Median follow-up time was 40 months; 1- and 5-year survival rates for the mechanical group were 96.0% and 89.0%, respectively, vs 93.0% and 84.0% for the biological group. Valve type was not predictive of all-cause mortality, and valve-related complications were not significantly different between groups. At follow-up, 31.5% of patients in the biological group were on anticoagulant. General and disease-specific health-related quality-of-life scores were not significantly different between groups.
Conclusions: Aortic root replacement with either mechanical or biological valved conduits is a safe procedure. Morbidity, mortality, and adverse quality of life were not associated with the type of valve conduit. Further studies are required to assess long-term durability of biological valve conduits used for aortic root replacement.
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.