Objective: This study assessed the long-term outcome of patients with abdominal aortic and aortoiliac aneurysms treated with the Cook Zenith endovascular graft (Cook Inc, Bloomington, Ind).
Methods: Between September 1998 and October 2003, 143 patients underwent elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using the Cook Zenith endograft. Data from these patients were reviewed from a prospective database in October 2008. Primary outcome measures were overall survival, intervention-free survival, and freedom from aneurysm rupture. Secondary outcome measures were early and late postoperative complications, including endoleaks.
Results: Mean follow-up was 66.4 months (range, 1.9-121.0 months). Overall survival was 72.1% at the 5-year follow-up and 50.9% at the 8-year follow-up. Intervention-free survival was 77.1% at 5 years and 63.8% at 8 years. There were no reintervention-related deaths. Six patients had a late aneurysm rupture, which was fatal in three. Freedom from aneurysm rupture was 98.1% at 5 years and 91.0% at 8 years. Late complications occurred throughout the follow-up period, with a tendency for aneurysm rupture and surgical conversion to occur at a later stage in the follow-up period. Aneurysm sac enlargement during follow-up was associated with late aneurysm rupture and with the need for reintervention.
Conclusion: Elective EVAR using the Cook Zenith endograft provides excellent results through a mean follow-up of >5 years. There is a low aneurysm-related mortality and an acceptable rate of postoperative complications and reinterventions. The occurrence of late complications throughout the follow-up period stresses the need for continued postoperative surveillance in EVAR patients.
Copyright © 2011 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.