Measurement of the rate of water translocation through carbon nanotubes

Nano Lett. 2011 May 11;11(5):2173-7. doi: 10.1021/nl200843g. Epub 2011 Apr 4.


We present an approach for measuring the water flow rate through individual ultralong carbon nanotubes (CNTs) using field effect transistors array defined on individual tubes. Our work exhibits a rate enhancement of 882-51 and a slip length of 53-8 nm for CNTs with diameters of 0.81-1.59 nm. We also found that the enhancement factor does not increase monotonically with shrinking tube diameter and there exists a discontinuous region around 0.98-1.10 nm. We believe that these single-tube level results would help understand the intrinsic nanofluidics of water in CNTs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Computer Simulation
  • Diffusion
  • Ions*
  • Microfluidics / methods
  • Models, Statistical
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Nanotechnology / methods*
  • Nanotubes, Carbon / chemistry*
  • Time Factors
  • Viscosity
  • Water / chemistry*


  • Ions
  • Nanotubes, Carbon
  • Water