Learning how to recover from job stress: effects of a recovery training program on recovery, recovery-related self-efficacy, and well-being

J Occup Health Psychol. 2011 Apr;16(2):202-16. doi: 10.1037/a0022169.


This quasi-experimental study evaluated the effects of a recovery training program on recovery experiences (psychological detachment from work, relaxation, mastery experiences, and control during off-job time), recovery-related self-efficacy, and well-being outcomes. The training comprised two sessions held one week apart. Recovery experiences, recovery-related self-efficacy, and well-being outcomes were measured before the training (T1) and one week (T2) and three weeks (T3) after the training. A training group consisting of 48 individuals and a waitlist control group of 47 individuals were compared (N = 95). Analyses of covariance revealed an increase in recovery experiences at T2 and T3 (for mastery only at T2). Recovery-related self-efficacy and sleep quality increased at T2 and T3, perceived stress and state negative affect decreased at T3. No training effects were found for emotional exhaustion.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Health Education* / methods
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health*
  • Occupational Diseases / psychology*
  • Occupational Diseases / rehabilitation
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Stress, Psychological / rehabilitation*
  • Treatment Outcome