Background: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a well-established cause of lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Familial forms of CAA are because of mutations in the gene encoding the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and duplications of this gene can cause early-onset Alzheimer's disease associated with CAA. However, the contribution of APP genetic variants in the development of sporadic CAA remains unknown.
Methods: The presence of genetic variants in the APP was examined in 78 patients with CAA-related ICH by sequencing exons 16 and 17 coding the β-amyloid protein and analyzing the presence of possible duplications of APP by microsatellite analysis and quantitative PCR.
Results: We did not identify any pathogenic mutation or chromosomal duplication of APP.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that APP genetic variants, point mutations and locus duplication, are not a common cause of CAA-related ICH in the Spanish population.
© 2011 The Author(s). European Journal of Neurology © 2011 EFNS.