Chronic cough is a common problem resulting in significant impairment of quality of life. Along with cough variant asthma and nasal disease, gastroesophageal reflux is considered one of three main causes of cough. Despite this, acid suppression therapy is often far from effective. This review aims to explore whether reflux can lead to cough, the circumstances in which this is most likely to occur, and the potential mechanisms linking these processes. Particular mechanisms to be explored include laryngopharyngeal reflux, microaspiration, and neuronal cross-organ sensitization. Finally, diagnostic approaches are considered.
© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011