Alcohol-attributable burden of disease and injury in Canada, 2004

Int J Public Health. 2012 Apr;57(2):391-401. doi: 10.1007/s00038-011-0247-7. Epub 2011 Apr 5.


Objective: This analysis aimed to estimate the burden of disease and injury caused and prevented by alcohol in 2004 for Canadians aged 0-69 years and compare the effects of different magnitudes of adjustment of survey data on these estimates.

Methods: Alcohol indicators were obtained from the Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use Monitoring Survey 2008 and were corrected to 80% coverage using adult per capita recorded and unrecorded consumption. Risk relations were taken from meta-analyses. Estimates of burden of disease and injury were obtained from the World Health Organization.

Results: In 2004, 4,721 (95% CI 1,432-8,150) deaths and 274,663 (95% CI 201,397-352,432) disability-adjusted life years lost (DALYs) of Canadians 0-69 years of age were attributable to alcohol. This represented 7.1% (95% CI 2.1-12.2%) of all deaths and 9.3% (95% CI 6.8-11.9%) of DALYs for this age range. The sensitivity analysis showed that the outcome estimates varied substantially based on the adjusted coverage rate.

Conclusion: More attention to burden of disease and injury statistics is required to accurately characterize alcohol-related harms. This burden is preventable and could be reduced by implementation of more effective policies.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Alcohol Drinking / mortality
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cost of Illness*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology*
  • Young Adult