Plastic bronchitis: resolution after heart transplantation

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2011 Aug;46(8):824-5. doi: 10.1002/ppul.21432. Epub 2011 Apr 4.


Plastic bronchitis (PB) is a rare cause of obstructive airway disease in patients who have undergone partially corrective surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD). The etiology of plastic bronchitis in such patients is ill-defined, and treatment is ineffective. We report resolution of PB and severe obstructive airway disease after heart transplantation in a patient with CHD.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Azithromycin / therapeutic use
  • Bronchitis / surgery*
  • Child
  • Cough / diagnosis
  • Cough / drug therapy
  • Female
  • Fontan Procedure / adverse effects*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery
  • Heart Transplantation*
  • Humans
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Sputum
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Azithromycin