Research to practice in addiction treatment: key terms and a field-driven model of technology transfer

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2011 Sep;41(2):169-78. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2011.02.006. Epub 2011 Apr 5.


The transfer of new technologies (e.g., evidence-based practices) into substance abuse treatment organizations often occurs long after they have been developed and shown to be effective. Transfer is slowed, in part, due to a lack of clear understanding about all that is needed to achieve full implementation of these technologies. Such misunderstanding is exacerbated by inconsistent terminology and overlapping models of an innovation, including its development and validation, dissemination to the public, and implementation or use in the field. For this reason, a workgroup of the Addiction Technology Transfer Center (ATTC) Network developed a field-driven conceptual model of the innovation process that more precisely defines relevant terms and concepts and integrates them into a comprehensive taxonomy. The proposed definitions and conceptual framework will allow for improved understanding and consensus regarding the distinct meaning and conceptual relationships between dimensions of the technology transfer process and accelerate the use of evidence-based practices.

MeSH terms

  • Behavior, Addictive / rehabilitation*
  • Diffusion of Innovation*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine / methods*
  • Humans
  • Models, Psychological
  • Organizational Innovation
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / classification
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / trends
  • Substance-Related Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Technology Transfer*
  • Therapies, Investigational / classification
  • Therapies, Investigational / methods*
  • Therapies, Investigational / psychology