Primary intravitreal ranibizumab for myopic choroidial neovascularisation

Semin Ophthalmol. 2011 Mar;26(2):52-4. doi: 10.3109/08820538.2011.559515.

Abstract

Myopic chorodial neovascularisation (mCNV) is an important cause of visual loss in high myopia with almost 10% of eyes with pathological myopia developing mCNV. Intravitreal anti-VEGF agents have recently been documented to be effective in mCNV. However, controversy exists regarding the optimal drug, its dose, and the frequency of administration. We performed a retrospective case review examining patients who had myopia of less than -6D and a chorodial neovascular membrane diagnosed on fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) that were treated with 3 injections of ranibizumab (Lucentis) 5mg/0.05ml given at monthly intervals. The course was repeated if the ocular coherence tomography (OCT) continued to show intra-retinal oedema at review. We recorded logMAR visual acuities and central foveal thickness (CFT) at baseline and final review. Improvement in visual acuity was significantly improved (p = 0.049) by a mean of 0.24 logMAR (range 0 to 0.74). Every patient achieved at least visual stability. Mean CFT reduction was also significantly improved (p = 0.02) by a mean of 109 microns (range -8 to 198). Our series and current literature seem to support as primary treatment a standard dose of an anti-VEGF agent. Further, larger studies are required to clarify whether any particular injection strategy is clearly superior.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / administration & dosage*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Choroidal Neovascularization / diagnosis
  • Choroidal Neovascularization / drug therapy*
  • Choroidal Neovascularization / physiopathology
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Humans
  • Intravitreal Injections
  • Middle Aged
  • Myopia / diagnosis
  • Myopia / drug therapy*
  • Myopia / physiopathology
  • Ranibizumab
  • Retreatment
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Visual Acuity / physiology

Substances

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • VEGFA protein, human
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Ranibizumab