Background: Newborn babies often present oral conditions of anykloglossia and tied maxillary fraena (lip-ties) associated with problems that can be related to breastfeeding. Many breastfeeding problems experienced by mothers and their babies may be attributed to abnormal attachments of the tongue and/or a maxillary lip-tie.
Review: The various types of both lip and tongue ties are reviewed. The diagnostic tools for dental practitioners are evaluated and treatment options these affected infants using either a 1064 InGaAsP semiconductor (diode) laser or a 2940 Er:YAG laser are described.
Conclusion: This approach provides treatment without the need for hospitalisation or general anaesthesia.