Diagnosis and treatment of ankyloglossia and tied maxillary fraenum in infants using Er:YAG and 1064 diode lasers

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2011 Apr;12(2):106-12. doi: 10.1007/BF03262789.


Background: Newborn babies often present oral conditions of anykloglossia and tied maxillary fraena (lip-ties) associated with problems that can be related to breastfeeding. Many breastfeeding problems experienced by mothers and their babies may be attributed to abnormal attachments of the tongue and/or a maxillary lip-tie.

Review: The various types of both lip and tongue ties are reviewed. The diagnostic tools for dental practitioners are evaluated and treatment options these affected infants using either a 1064 InGaAsP semiconductor (diode) laser or a 2940 Er:YAG laser are described.

Conclusion: This approach provides treatment without the need for hospitalisation or general anaesthesia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Feeding
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Labial Frenum / abnormalities*
  • Laser Therapy / methods*
  • Lasers, Semiconductor / therapeutic use*
  • Lasers, Solid-State / therapeutic use*
  • Lingual Frenum / abnormalities*
  • Maxilla / pathology*
  • Postoperative Care
  • Tongue / abnormalities*