Background & aims: The pathogenesis of pain in chronic pancreatitis (CP) is poorly understood and treatment remains difficult. We hypothesized that nerve growth factor (NGF) plays a key role in this process via its effects on the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1, TRPV1.
Methods: CP was induced by intraductal injection of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid in rats. After 3 weeks, anti-NGF antibody or control serum was administered daily for 1 week. Pancreatic hyperalgesia was assessed by nocifensive behavioral response to electrical stimulation of the pancreas as well as by referred somatic pain assessed by von Frey filament testing. TRPV1 currents in pancreatic sensory neurons were examined by patch-clamp. The expression and function of TRPV1 in pancreas-specific nociceptors was examined by immunostaining and quantification of messenger RNA levels.
Results: Blockade of NGF significantly attenuated pancreatic hyperalgesia and referred somatic pain compared with controls. It also decreased TRPV1 current density and open probability and reduced the proportion of pancreatic sensory neurons that expressed TRPV1 as well as levels of TRPV1 in these neurons.
Conclusions: These findings emphasize a key role for NGF in pancreatic pain and highlight the role it plays in the modulation of TRPV1 expression and activity in CP.
Copyright © 2011 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.