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. 2011 Mar;2(1):27-35.
doi: 10.1007/s13539-011-0022-x. Epub 2011 Feb 22.

Nutritional Screening and Early Treatment of Malnutrition in Cancer Patients

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Free PMC article

Nutritional Screening and Early Treatment of Malnutrition in Cancer Patients

Lidia Santarpia et al. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a frequent complication in patients with cancer and can negatively affect the outcome of treatments. On the other hand, side effects of anticancer therapies can also lead to inadequate nutrient intake and subsequent malnutrition. The nutritional screening aims to identify patients at risk of malnutrition for prompt treatment and/or careful follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: This manuscript highlights the need of an interdisciplinary approach (oncologist, nutritionist, dietitian, psychologist, etc.) to empower patients who are experiencing loss of physiological and biological function, fatigue, malnutrition, psychological distress, etc., as a result of cancer disease or its treatment, and maintain an acceptable quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to make all healthcare professionals aware of the opportunity to identify cancer patients at risk of malnutrition early in order to plan the best possible intervention and follow-up during cancer treatment and progression.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Algorithm for nutritional evaluation. PICC: peripherally inserted central venous catheter. EN: enteral nutrition

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