Comparison of relative validity of food group intakes estimated by comprehensive and brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaires against 16 d dietary records in Japanese adults

Public Health Nutr. 2011 Jul;14(7):1200-11. doi: 10.1017/S1368980011000504. Epub 2011 Apr 11.


Objective: To compare the relative validity of food group intakes derived from a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) and a brief-type DHQ (BDHQ) developed for the assessment of Japanese diets during the previous month using semi-weighed dietary records (DR) as a reference method.

Design: Between November 2002 and September 2003, a 4 d DR (covering four non-consecutive days), a DHQ (150-item semi-quantitative questionnaire) and a BDHQ (fifty-eight-item fixed-portion-type questionnaire) were completed four times (once per season) at 3-month intervals.

Setting: Three areas in Japan: Osaka, Nagano and Tottori.

Subjects: Ninety-two Japanese women aged 31-69 years and ninety-two Japanese men aged 32-76 years.

Results: Median food group intakes were estimated well for approximately half of the food groups. No statistically significant differences were noted between a 16 d DR and the first DHQ (DHQ1) or between the DR and the first BDHQ (BDHQ1) in fifteen (44 %) and fifteen (52 %) food items for women and in fourteen (41 %) and sixteen (55 %) food items for men, respectively, indicating that both questionnaires estimated median values reasonably well. Median Spearman's correlation coefficients with the DR were 0·43 (range: -0·09 to 0·77) for DHQ1 and 0·44 (range: 0·14 to 0·82) for BDHQ1 in women, with respective values of 0·44 (range: 0·08 to 0·87) and 0·48 (range: 0·22 to 0·83) in men, indicating reasonable ranking ability. Similar results were observed for mean values of the four DHQ and BDHQ.

Conclusions: In terms of food intake estimates, both the DHQ and the BDHQ showed reasonable validity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data*
  • Diet Records
  • Diet Surveys* / instrumentation
  • Diet Surveys* / methods
  • Diet Surveys* / standards
  • Energy Intake
  • Female
  • Food / classification
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Mental Recall
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sex Factors
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards