Metals in wine--impact on wine quality and health outcomes

Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011 Dec;144(1-3):143-56. doi: 10.1007/s12011-011-9052-7. Epub 2011 Apr 9.


Metals in wine can originate from both natural and anthropogenic sources, and its concentration can be a significant parameter affecting consumption and conservation of wine. Since metallic ions have important role in oxide-reductive reactions resulting in wine browning, turbidity, cloudiness, and astringency, wine quality depends greatly on its metal composition. Moreover, metals in wine may affect human health. Consumption of wine may contribute to the daily dietary intake of essential metals (i.e., copper, iron, and zinc) but can also have potentially toxic effects if metal concentrations are not kept under allowable limits. Therefore, a strict analytical control of metal concentration is required during the whole process of wine production. This article presents a critical review of the existing literature regarding the measured metal concentration in wine, methods applied for their determination, and possible sources, as well as their impact on wine quality and human health. The main focus is set on aluminum, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, manganese, nickel, lead, and zinc, as these elements most often affect wine quality and human health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Electrochemistry
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Maximum Allowable Concentration
  • Metals / analysis*
  • Spectrophotometry, Atomic
  • Wine / analysis*


  • Metals