Effects of structured vocational services on job-search success in ex-offender veterans with mental illness: 3-month follow-up

J Rehabil Res Dev. 2011;48(3):277-86. doi: 10.1682/jrrd.2010.03.0032.


With the high number of incarcerated veterans with mental illness and substance dependence returning to the community annually, a significant need exists for technologies that will help them return to employment. This study evaluates three methods of assistance: (1) basic vocational services, (2) self-study of a vocational manual designed for formerly incarcerated veterans, and (3) a group led by vocational staff using the vocational manual. We evaluated 69 veterans to determine the number finding employment within 3 months after enrollment in the study. The group format was expected to be superior to self-study, and self-study was expected to be superior to basic services. Though the group format was found to be superior to both self-study and basic services, the results for self-study and basic services were statistically similar. Limitations and directions for future refinement are discussed.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Criminals*
  • Employment
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Manuals as Topic
  • Mental Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Mental Disorders / therapy
  • Middle Aged
  • Programmed Instructions as Topic
  • Rehabilitation, Vocational / methods*
  • United States
  • Veterans*