Introduction: The risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in women increases with menopausal stage. Obesity with metabolic disorders is the most important risk factor for CVD. The incidence of this phenotype of obesity increases in postmenopausal women. The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in regulation of several metabolic pathways. The aim of this work was to investigate whether genetic variations in the cannabinoid receptor gene (CNR1) can affect cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. fat distribution, obesity, fasting glucose, lipid profile, blood pressure, and free androgen and estrogen indexes) in postmenopausal women.
Methods: The rs806381, rs10485170, rs6454674, and rs2023239 polymorphisms of the CNR1 gene were genotyped in 384 randomly selected postmenopausal Polish women (aged 50-60) using the minisequencing technique.
Results: The rs806381, rs10485170, rs6454674, and rs2023239 polymorphisms were not significantly associated with anthropometric measures (waist circumference, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, body mass index [BMI], total fat, glucose, insulin, fasting insulin resistance index [FIRI]). However, the rs2023239 polymorphism was associated with the free androgen index (p = 0.03).
Discussion: It seems that further genotyping of the endocannabinoid receptor gene cannot be used as a significant marker of predisposition to CVD in postmenopausal women, but it would be interesting to study this interrelation on a larger population of postmenopausal women.