Background: A prospective evaluation of the pattern of fundus autofluorescence in cases of acute versus chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSR).
Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional, single-centre investigation was performed using three diagnostic techniques, namely, fundus autofluorescence, optical coherence tomography and fundus fluorescein angiography to evaluate a sample of patients (n = 42 eyes) with both acute (n = 25 eyes) and chronic (n = 17 eyes) CSR.
Results: Hypoautofluoresecence was found in 80 per cent (20 eyes) and 88.2 per cent (15 eyes) of eyes in the acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy groups, respectively, corresponding to the leakage points depicted by fluorescein angiography. Hypoautofluoresence corresponding to the areas of subretinal fluid accumulation was seen in 92 per cent (23 eyes) and 82.3 per cent (14 eyes) of the acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy groups, respectively. In two eyes (11.6 per cent) with chronic CSR, hyperautofluorescent changes were noted at the previous leakage points. In the acute CSR group, speckled hyperautofluorescence was detected in nine eyes (36 per cent) after the resolution of subretinal fluid. In the chronic CSR group, simultaneous speckled hyperautofluorescence was detected in the previous areas of subretinal fluid accumulation in 12 eyes (70.5 per cent).
Conclusion: Fundus autofluorescence imaging delineates endogenous fluorescence derived mainly from lipofuscin within the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) layer and therefore permits evaluation of functional alterations in the RPE in numerous retinal diseases. Data from fundus autofluorescence revealed distinctive findings in acute and chronic CSR. Fundus autofluorescence imaging may be used as a supplementary diagnostic tool for identifying patients with CSR and differentiation may be made between acute and chronic cases.
© 2011 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Optometry © 2011 Optometrists Association Australia.