Alterations in centrosomal function have been suggested in the pathology of schizophrenia. The molecule pericentriolar material 1 (PCM1) is involved in maintaining centrosome integrity and in the regulation of the microtubule cytoskeleton. PCM1 forms a complex at the centrosome with the disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) protein, which is a major susceptibility factor for schizophrenia. The association between genetic variants in the PCM1 gene and schizophrenia has been reported by several case-control studies, linkage studies and a meta-analysis. The aims of this study are to replicate the association between four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the PCM1 gene and schizophrenia in a Japanese population (1496 cases and 1845 controls) and to perform a meta-analysis of the combined sample groups (3289 cases and 3567 controls). We failed to find a significant association between SNPs or haplotypes of the PCM1 gene and schizophrenia in the Japanese population (P>0.28). The meta-analysis did not reveal an association between the four examined SNPs and schizophrenia. Our data did not support genetic variants in the PCM1 gene as a susceptibility locus for schizophrenia.
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