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. 2011 Apr 13;5:4.
doi: 10.1186/1751-0759-5-4.

Heart Rate Variability Changes During High Frequency Yoga Breathing and Breath Awareness

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Free PMC article

Heart Rate Variability Changes During High Frequency Yoga Breathing and Breath Awareness

Shirley Telles et al. Biopsychosoc Med. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: Pre and post comparison after one minute of high frequency yoga breathing (HFYB) suggested that the HFYB modifies the autonomic status by increasing sympathetic modulation, but its effect during the practice was not assessed.

Methods: Thirty-eight male volunteers with group average age ± S.D., 23.3 ± 4.4 years were each assessed on two separate days in two sessions, (i) HFYB and (ii) breath awareness. Each session was for 35 minutes, with 3 periods, i.e., pre (5 minutes), during HFYB or breath awareness (15 minutes) and post (5 minutes).

Results: There was a significant decrease in NN50, pNN50 and the mean RR interval during and after HFYB and after breath awareness, compared to the respective 'pre' values (p < 0.05) (repeated measures ANOVA followed by post-hoc analysis). The LF power increased and HF power decreased during and after breath awareness and LF/HF ratio increased after breath awareness (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The results suggest that there was reduced parasympathetic modulation during and after HFYB and increased sympathetic modulation with reduced parasympathetic modulation during and after breath awareness.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Design of the HFYB and breath awareness sessions showing the periods during which the HRV was recorded.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Changes in (i) breath rate, (ii) LF and (iii) HF, Pre, During and Post HFYB and breath awareness.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Changes in (i) LF/HF, (ii) mean R-R interval and (iii) NN50, Pre, During and Post HFYB and breath awareness.
Figure 4
Figure 4
Changes in (i) pNN50, Pre, During and Post HFYB and breath awareness.

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