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. 1990 Sep;108(3):365-71.
doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a123207.

Analyses of Ornithine Decarboxylase Antizyme mRNA With a cDNA Cloned From Rat Liver

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Analyses of Ornithine Decarboxylase Antizyme mRNA With a cDNA Cloned From Rat Liver

S Matsufuji et al. J Biochem. .
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Ornithine decarboxylase antizyme is a unique inhibitory protein induced by polyamines and involved in the regulation of ornithine decarboxylase. A cDNA was isolated from a rat liver cDNA library by the screening with monoclonal antibodies to rat liver antizyme as probes. The expression products of the cDNA in bacterial systems inhibited rat ornithine decarboxylase activity in a manner characteristic of antizyme and rabbit antisera raised against its direct expression product reacted to rat liver antizyme, confirming the authenticity of the cDNA. On RNA blot analysis with the cDNA probe, an antizyme mRNA band of 1.3 kb was detected in rat tissues. Antizyme mRNA did not increase upon administration of putrescine, an inducer of antizyme, and its half-life after actinomycin D treatment was as long as 12 h in rat liver, suggesting that antizyme mRNA is constitutively expressed and antizyme synthesis is regulated at the translational level. Similar-sized mRNAs hybridizable to the cDNA were also found in various mammalian and non-mammalian vertebrate tissues under physiological conditions. In addition, chicken and frog antizymes showed immunocrossreactivity with rat antizyme. The ubiquitous presence and the evolutionally conserved structure of antizyme in vertebrate tissues suggest that it has an important function.

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