Neurosurgery in Oslo, Norway, was founded by the pioneer Vilhelm Magnus in the beginning of the 20th century. Through the contributions of important surgeons such as Arne Torkildsen, Kristian Kristiansen, and Helge Nornes, Norwegian neurosurgery has developed into an active clinical and technologically oriented surgical specialty. Since the unification of neurosurgical procedures in Oslo in January 2010 into one department, it is one of the largest neurosurgical departments in Europe with more than 4500 surgeries performed per year covering all aspects of neurosurgery. The department's scientific focus is on clinical studies, in close collaboration with supportive clinical departments; through interaction with basic science stem cell groups, an increasing effort is being made in translational cellular and molecular medicine.
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