Effect of selenium treatment on mineral nutrition, bulb size, and antioxidant properties of garlic (Allium sativum L.)

J Agric Food Chem. 2011 May 25;59(10):5498-503. doi: 10.1021/jf200226p. Epub 2011 Apr 26.


Foliar selenium (Se) treatment of garlic at concentrations of 10, 50, and 100 μg of Se/mL was carried out in open field conditions in 2008 and 2009 in Estonia. Bulb weight and yield structure, content of total Se, S, N, P, K, Ca, and Mg, ascorbic acid content (AAC), pungency, total phenolics, and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were determined. The highest level of Se decreased total S, K, and Ca in both years; no negative impact on bulb weight was observed. In 2009 Se10 treatment had significantly more bulbs with the largest diameter compared to the other treatments. In 2008, the AAC was decreased by Se50 and the content of total phenolics by all Se treatments; however, TAC was increased. Foliar Se fertilization of garlic at rates of 10-50 μg of Se/mL can be recommended to increase the number of large bulbs and increase bulb antioxidant capacity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / analysis*
  • Fertilizers
  • Garlic / drug effects
  • Garlic / growth & development*
  • Minerals / analysis*
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Plant Roots / anatomy & histology
  • Plant Roots / chemistry*
  • Plant Roots / growth & development*
  • Selenium / administration & dosage*


  • Antioxidants
  • Fertilizers
  • Minerals
  • Phenols
  • Selenium