The natural history and associations of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes during the first year after diagnosis

Diabet Med. 1990 Dec;7(10):902-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.1990.tb01326.x.

Abstract

The prevalence of microalbuminuria was assessed in 149 consecutive, newly-diagnosed and untreated patients with Type 2 diabetes, 129 of whom were followed up for 1 year, with at least three urine specimens being obtained during this period. At initial presentation, 39 (26%) patients had a urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) of greater than 2.5 mg mmol-1 and compared with patients who had a normal ACR, they were older (64 (11) (SD) vs 58 (11) yr, p less than 0.002), with higher random blood glucose (14.4 (4.5) vs 12.3 (4.4) mmol l-1, p less than 0.02) and glycosylated haemoglobin (13.0 (3.1) vs 11.3 (2.7)%, p less than 0.01) concentrations. An elevated ACR was also associated with a higher systolic blood pressure (149 (22) vs 140 (22), p less than 0.05) and the presence of macrovascular disease, particularly peripheral vascular disease (p less than 0.001), with this association persisting after adjustment for the effect of age. Ten patients reverted to normal albumin excretion on improving blood glucose control, this group having a significantly higher glycosylated haemoglobin concentration at initial presentation than the group with a persistently elevated ACR (14.4 (2.5) vs 12.0 (3.0)%, p less than 0.05). The 21 (16%) patients with a persistently elevated ACR from diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes were older than those with normal albumin excretion throughout (64 (7) vs 58 (10) yr, p less than 0.02) and it is probable that these patients have abnormal albumin excretion secondary to established renal pathology.

MeSH terms

  • Albuminuria*
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cohort Studies
  • Creatinine / urine
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / urine
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reference Values

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Creatinine