Aim: The study aimed to evaluate vascular access site complications (ASCs) after percutaneous interventions (PIs) in our institution for changes in annual incidence and surgical management after increased usage of a vascular closure device (VCD; in all cases: Angioseal™).
Material and methods: All patients who underwent repair of arterial pseudo-aneurysms or access site stenosis/occlusion leading to leg ischaemia (LI) or new-onset disabling claudication (CI) after PIs between 2001 and 2008 were included. Annual rates of procedures and methods of repair of ASC were evaluated.
Results: After a total of 58 453 PIs, 352 patients (0.6%) were operated on for: pseudo-aneurysms (n = 300; 0.51%); and local stenosis/occlusion leading to LI/CI (n = 52; 0.09%). Numbers increased significantly with more widespread VCD use: group A (2001-2004: 2860 VCDs; 28 284 PIs; 10.1%): n = 132 (0.47%); and group B (2005-2008: 11,660 VCDs; 30,169 PIs; 38.6%): n = 220 (0.73%) (p < 0.001). In contrast to similar rates of pseudo-aneurysms (group A: n = 124; 0.44%; group B: n = 176; 0.58%; not significant), a significant increase of operations for local stenoses/occlusions was seen with widespread VCD use: n = 8 versus n = 44 (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: In the era of VCDs, complications are rare. However, use of these devices is not without complications, and may require complex reconstructions.
Copyright © 2011 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.