Alcohol-related Emergency Department Visits Associated With Collegiate Football Games

J Am Coll Health. 2011;59(5):388-92. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2010.511364.

Abstract

Objective: In 2003, after several post-college football game riots, multiple strategies including strict enforcement of open container laws were instituted by the authors' city and university. The authors compared alcohol-related visits to the on-campus emergency department (ED) associated with home football games in 2002 and 2006, hypothesizing that alcohol-related visits should decline.

Participants: ED patients during home game weekends.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study comparing the 2002 and 2006 home games-similar seasons wherein the team went undefeated. Logistic regression assessed the impact of environmental and patient characteristics on the likelihood of an ED visit being alcohol related.

Results: In total 2,220 visits in 2002 and 2,146 visits in 2006 were reviewed. Alcohol-related visits increased from 2002 (7.9%) to 2006 (9.5%, p = .06). Despite community interventions, the odds of an ED visit being alcohol related increased (odds ratio [OR] 1.3, 95% confidence interval [CI₉₅] 1.06-1.64).

Conclusions: Community measures did not reduce alcohol-related visits to the ED.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcoholic Intoxication / complications*
  • Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology
  • Alcoholic Intoxication / psychology
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Football*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Social Environment*
  • Students / psychology*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Universities
  • Young Adult