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Review
. 2011 Feb;32(1):32-43.
doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1272867. Epub 2011 Apr 15.

Evolving Concepts in Lung Carcinogenesis

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Free PMC article
Review

Evolving Concepts in Lung Carcinogenesis

Brigitte N Gomperts et al. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Lung carcinogenesis is a complex, stepwise process that involves the acquisition of genetic mutations and epigenetic changes that alter cellular processes, such as proliferation, differentiation, invasion, and metastasis. Here, we review some of the latest concepts in the pathogenesis of lung cancer and highlight the roles of inflammation, the "field of cancerization," and lung cancer stem cells in the initiation of the disease. Furthermore, we review how high throughput genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, and proteomics are advancing the study of lung carcinogenesis. Finally, we reflect on the potential of current in vitro and in vivo models of lung carcinogenesis to advance the field and on the areas of investigation where major breakthroughs will lead to the identification of novel chemoprevention strategies and therapies for lung cancer.

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