Background: The purpose of this study was to examine future acceptance of an artificial pancreas (AP) and its perceived usefulness, ease of use, and trust in the device.
Methods: A questionnaire, based on the Technology Acceptance Model, was developed to examine future acceptance with its determinants and intention to use the AP. One hundred thirty-two patients with diabetes type 1 treated with insulin pump therapy completed the questionnaire. Using factor analysis and reliability analysis, the number of items was reduced from 34 to 15.
Results: The response rate was 66%. The subjects had a mean age of 43 years, and 34% were male. Almost 75% had the intention to use an AP. There were high scores on perceived usefulness (expected improvement of glucose control: 35.6% moderately agreed and 53% strongly agreed), perceived ease of use (expectation that the AP can be easily handled: 33.3% moderately agreed and 53.8% strongly agreed), and trust (administration of correct insulin dose and reliability of glucose measurement: 40.9% and 38.9% moderately agreed, whereas 32.6% and 28.2% strongly agreed, respectively).
Conclusions: A newly developed questionnaire examining the acceptance of an AP indicated that most patients with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion-treated type 1 diabetes have the intention to use an AP system and have a positive attitude toward perceived usefulness, ease of use, and trust.