An evidence-based, multidisciplinary process for implementation of potentially better practices using a computerized medical record

Int J Qual Health Care. 2011 Jun;23(3):309-16. doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzr012. Epub 2011 Apr 19.


Although the Institute of Medicine of the USA has recommended elements for healthcare reform, the optimal means for incorporation of these elements into a healthcare setting remain undefined. A process for the implementation of potentially better practices is described that incorporates a computerized medical record into an evidence-based, multidisciplinary continuous quality improvement effort. Steps in the process include the following: fostering a culture change that incorporates key habits for improvement; identification of a potentially better practice; review of existing evidence and analysis of local experience; delineation of proposed outcomes and potential confounders; guideline formulation and implementation; monitoring of change effectiveness; ongoing multivariate data analyses; and policy formulation. Trainee education and family participation characterize all steps in the process. Consequently, the process incorporates all of the elements recommended by the Institute of Medicine of the USA for healthcare reform and may be adapted to any healthcare setting.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Benchmarking
  • Colorado
  • Evidence-Based Practice
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Health Care Reform* / standards
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / standards*
  • Interdisciplinary Studies
  • Medical Records Systems, Computerized / standards*
  • Organizational Culture
  • Organizational Innovation
  • Patient-Centered Care / standards
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Quality Improvement / standards*
  • Quality of Health Care / standards
  • United States