Catheter-based therapy of common femoral artery atherosclerotic disease

Vasc Med. 2011 Apr;16(2):109-12. doi: 10.1177/1358863X11404280.


The objective of this paper is to describe outcomes of endovascular therapy in patients with symptomatic common femoral artery (CFA) lesions. Symptomatic atherosclerotic disease of the common femoral artery is an uncommon clinical entity, and there is no consensus regarding the suitability of catheter-based therapy. We reviewed the records of 26 consecutive patients treated with catheter-based therapy for symptomatic CFA lesions between 1994 and 2009. Angiographic success and procedure success were obtained in all vessels and in all patients. At 1 year, 100% (16/16) of the claudication patients and 70% (7/10) of the critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients maintained clinical success. The ankle- brachial index (ABI) significantly improved from a baseline of 0.47 ± 0.18 to 0.77 ± 0.18 (p < 0.001) after the procedure. At their most recent clinic visit (31 months ± 14 months), clinical success was maintained in 100% of the claudication patients and in 70% (7/10) of the CLI patients. During the follow-up period, femoral vascular access for an unrelated procedure was obtained through the CFA stent. In conclusion, patients with symptomatic CFA atherosclerotic disease obtained excellent clinical outcomes with angioplasty with stenting. We found that angioplasty with stenting of the CFA did not preclude future CFA vascular access. Our data suggest that catheter-based therapies should be considered as an option to open surgery in selected patients with symptomatic CFA disease.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angiography
  • Ankle Brachial Index
  • Atherectomy / methods*
  • Atherosclerosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Atherosclerosis / physiopathology
  • Atherosclerosis / therapy*
  • Catheters, Indwelling
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Femoral Artery*
  • Humans
  • Intermittent Claudication / therapy
  • Ischemia / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents