State-of-the-art cranial sonography: Part 2, pitfalls and variants

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 May;196(5):1034-9. doi: 10.2214/AJR.10.6203.


Objective: In the first part of this article, modern cranial sonography techniques and interpretation were discussed, emphasizing ways in which the application of modern imaging technology and techniques are able to enhance detection of pathologic abnormalities on cranial sonography.

Conclusion: In this part of the article, we will describe pitfalls and variants that may be confused with pathologic abnormalities. Emphasis will be placed on recognizing normal variations and distinguishing them from pathologic abnormalities that may require additional imaging or clinical follow-up.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Brain Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Child
  • Echoencephalography*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color*