Outcomes of right minithoracotomy mitral valve surgery in patients with previous sternotomy

Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Jun;91(6):1824-7. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2011.02.010. Epub 2011 Apr 22.


Background: We evaluated the outcomes of patients with a history of previous sternotomy who underwent minimally invasive mitral valve surgery through a right minithoracotomy approach.

Methods: We reviewed all the isolated mitral valve operations performed at our institution between January 1, 2005, and October 8, 2010, and selected for analysis only patients who had had a prior sternotomy. The outcome of patients who underwent a minimally invasive approach was compared with that of patients whose mitral surgery was performed through a standard median sternotomy.

Results: There were 88 patients with prior sternotomy, with 59 having minimally invasive surgery and 29 undergoing a repeat median sternotomy. Significant baseline differences (minimally invasive versus sternotomy, respectively) included the number of male patients (76% versus 45%, p=0.003), prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (71% versus 45%, p=0.02), prior valve surgery (47% versus 72%, p=0.03), congestive heart failure (46% versus 76%, p=0.008), and diabetes mellitus (34% versus 10%, p=0.02). The in-hospital mortality and composite postoperative complications were 3% versus 14% (p=0.07) and 29% versus 66% (p=0.001) for the minimally invasive versus the median sternotomy group, respectively. The intensive care unit stay and hospital length of stay were 48 hours (interquartile range [IQR], 41 to 90) versus 118 hours (IQR, 67 to 167; p<0.001), and 8 days (IQR, 6 to 12) versus 13 days (IQR, 9 to 18; p=0.001), for the minimally invasive and median sternotomy groups, respectively.

Conclusions: Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery in patients who have had a prior sternotomy is associated with improved postoperative outcomes and reduced resource utilization, when compared with a median sternotomy approach.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / mortality
  • Mitral Valve / surgery*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Sternotomy*
  • Thoracotomy* / adverse effects
  • Thoracotomy* / mortality
  • Treatment Outcome