Vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, and gastroenteritis

Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2011 May;29(2):211-37, vii-viii. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2011.01.005.


Diseases that cause vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, and gastroenteritis are major problems for populations worldwide. Patients, particularly infants, elderly, and immunocompromised individuals, may present at any point in a wide spectrum of disease states, underscoring the need for the clinician to treat these ailments aggressively. Several promising new treatment modalities, from oral rehydration solutions to antiemetic therapies, have been introduced over the past decade. Future directions include the use of probiotic agents and better tolerated rehydration solutions. Gastrointestinal disease will continue to be a focus worldwide in the search for better ways to cure illnesses associated with vomiting and diarrhea.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Constipation / diagnosis
  • Constipation / etiology*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diarrhea / diagnosis
  • Diarrhea / etiology*
  • Gastroenteritis / diagnosis
  • Gastroenteritis / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Vomiting / diagnosis
  • Vomiting / etiology*