Do Turkish nursing and midwifery students teach breast self-examination to their relatives?

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2011;12(1):111-5.


Aim: To describe health beliefs and breast self-examination (BSE) practice of Turkish female nursing and midwifery students and extent of teaching the screening method to their mothers, sisters and relatives.

Design: In this definition survey, data were obtained from 113 nursing and midwifery students (n = 113) in third and fourth class and their mothers, sisters and other relatives in Turkey.

Methods: Data were collected using a personal data form, a knowledge evaluation form for BSE (Maurer 1997) and the Champion's Health Belief Model Scale. Number percentage, Chi-square test were used in the evaluation of the data.

Results: Students learned breast cancer and BSE in their lessons one or two years previously. Knowledge level scores of the students were 52.3 ± 9.6 (min:25,max: 75). Rate of having regular BSE was 32.7%. When health belief scale assessed; the average of susceptibility was 7.52 ± 2.62, seriousness was 21.8 ± 5.30, benefit was 16.7±4.45, barrier was 22.3 ± 6.44, confidence was 40.3 ± 6.67 and medical motivation was 26.6 ± 4.22. The rate of having regular BSE and benefit, barrier scores were compared, they were statistically significant difference(p < 0.05). The majority (106, 91.3%) gave BSE training to their mother and sisters, and 42.6% (48) to relatives, 6.2% (7) to friends, and 5.4% (6) to patients.

Conclusions: Knowledge about breast cancer and BSE repetition training programs should be planned for nursing/midwifery students, to increasae their sensitivity, beliefs and attitudes, and medical motivation for BSE.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Breast Self-Examination / statistics & numerical data*
  • Family
  • Female
  • Friends
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Midwifery / education*
  • Midwifery / statistics & numerical data*
  • Motivation
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Students, Nursing / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Teaching
  • Turkey
  • Young Adult