[Dental management of the medically compromised patient. A study of 162 cases]

Meikai Daigaku Shigaku Zasshi. 1990;19(3):407-17.
[Article in Japanese]

Abstract

Dental management of 162 cases of medically compromised patients was reviewed. Over the past 3 years and 2 months, 130 patients with certain medical problems underwent 162 cases of dental treatment under local anesthesia. In the present study, research was done chiefly on intraoperative management of these patients. The following results were obtained: 1) In the population of 130 patients, those in their 7th decade were the most numerous. Among the subjects, essential hypertension was the most common underlying disease, and the majority of the patients had accompanying cardio-vascular diseases. 2) When the pre- and post-65-year-old patient groups were compared, the latter group had a higher frequency of multiple medical problems. 3) It is suggested that, to manage patients having hypertension or ischemic heart diseases as a complication, continuous blood pressure measurement and ECG monitoring are essential. 4) Among several local anesthetics, 3% prilocaine with 0.03 U/ml felypressin was used most frequently, especially for those with cardiovascular diseases. 5) In the management of hypertensive and ischemic heart patients, nitrous oxide inhalation sedation was effective. 6) For those who required vasodilation, administration of nifedipine or nitroglycerin was effective. 7) Although one case of syncope and another in which dental treatment procedure had to be suspended were found, no severe complications were encountered.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anesthesia, Dental
  • Anesthesia, Local
  • Cardiovascular Diseases*
  • Dental Care for Disabled*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension*
  • Middle Aged
  • Nitrous Oxide
  • Vasodilator Agents / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Nitrous Oxide