Evidence that the marine-derived multi-mineral Aquamin has anti-inflammatory effects on cortical glial-enriched cultures

Phytother Res. 2011 May;25(5):765-7. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3309. Epub 2010 Oct 26.


It is well established that neuroinflammation contributes to brain aging, and that cortical cells are particularly vulnerable. Lipopolysaccharide stimulates the release of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1beta from glial cells which consequently induces an impairment in neuronal cell function. The food supplement, Aquamin, is a natural, multi-mineral derived from the red algae Lithothamnion corallioides, rich in calcium, magnesium and 72 other trace minerals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of Aquamin in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated, glial-enriched primary cultures of rat cortex. It is reported that Aquamin prevented lipopolysaccharide-induced secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1beta from cortical glia. These data suggest that nutritional supplements such as Aquamin may play an important role in impeding the detrimental effects of excessive inflammation in the brain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cerebral Cortex / drug effects
  • Cerebral Cortex / pathology*
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Inflammation / drug therapy*
  • Interleukin-1beta / drug effects
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Minerals / analysis
  • Minerals / chemistry
  • Minerals / pharmacology*
  • Neuroglia / drug effects*
  • Phytotherapy
  • Plant Preparations / chemistry
  • Plant Preparations / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Rhodophyta / chemistry*
  • Seaweed
  • Time Factors
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / drug effects


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Aquamin
  • Interleukin-1beta
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Minerals
  • Plant Preparations
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha