Morphological aspects of the euphonic voice

Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2011;49(1):72-9. doi: 10.5603/fhc.2011.0011.


The high quality of a euphonic voice is the result of complex interactions between many organs and systems. Vibrating vocal folds play a crucial role in this process. Their physiological motion is conditioned by the presence of the layered structure of laryngeal mucosa. In this study, we assessed the degree of dysphonia according to the Union of European Phoniatrics (UEP) scale. Videoendoscopy (VLS) and videostroboscopic (VLSS) examination of the larynx was used to visualize the vibration of the vocal folds. Morphological assessment of the inter-membranous part of the vocal fold mucosa was carried out using material collected after surgical treatment (60%) or obtained from autopsy (40%). The samples were examined by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. In euphonic voices, 1° of dysphonia (UEP) and the physiological endoscopic (VLS) and stroboscopic (VLSS) findings of vocal folds were registered. No morphological or ultramorphological changes were observed in the cells of the multilayered flat epithelium, basal membrane or in the stroma. Unchanged epithelial cells were situated on the basal membrane with folds. Moreover, numerous pericytes, vessels with multiplication of basal membranes, scanty collagenous fibers, plasmatic cells and lymphocytes were seen. Morphological changes with signs of atrophy and polypoid degeneration of the vocal fold mucosa were found in only 3 (15%) patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Atrophy / pathology
  • Endoscopy
  • Epithelial Cells / cytology
  • Epithelial Cells / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Larynx / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mucous Membrane / cytology
  • Mucous Membrane / pathology
  • Stroboscopy
  • Videotape Recording
  • Vocal Cords / anatomy & histology*
  • Vocal Cords / pathology
  • Vocal Cords / physiology*
  • Vocal Cords / physiopathology
  • Voice / physiology*
  • Voice Disorders / pathology
  • Voice Disorders / physiopathology