Rape stereotypes and labeling: awareness of victimization and trauma

Psychol Rep. 2011 Feb;108(1):141-8. doi: 10.2466/07.13.16.PR0.108.1.141-148.


For years, studies in the U.S. college population have described the phenomena of date and acquaintance rape. These phenomena have perpetuated myths regarding rape leading to the faulty labeling of the experience by the survivors themselves. Compared with the U.S., in Europe there are very few studies concerning this issue. This preliminary study in Italy comprised surveys of 210 participants who were asked to express their opinions on 2 scenarios of sexual assault (a forced rape and an acquaintance rape). Only 48% of the participants thought that acquaintance rape should be tried in a criminal court.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude*
  • Awareness*
  • Courtship
  • Crime Victims / psychology*
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Public Opinion
  • Rape / psychology*
  • Stereotyping*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology*