The activity of an ancient atypical protein kinase is stimulated by ADP-ribose in vitro

Arch Biochem Biophys. 2011 Jul;511(1-2):56-63. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2011 Apr 19.


The piD261/Bud32 protein kinases are universal amongst the members of the Eucarya and Archaea. Despite the fact that phylogenetic analyses indicate that the piD261/Bud32 protein kinases descend directly from the primordial ancestor of the "eukaryotic" protein kinase superfamily, our knowledge of their physiological role is relatively fragmentary and largely limited to two eucaryal representatives: piD261/Bud32 from yeast and the p53-related protein kinase from humans. A deduced archaeal homolog, SsoPK5, is encoded by open reading frame sso0433 from the acidothermophile Sulfolobus solfataricus. Recombinantly-expressed SsoPK5 exhibited protein kinase activity, with a noticeable preference for phosphorylating proteins of acidic character and for Mn(2+) as cofactor. The protein kinase also can phosphorylate itself on serine and threonine residues. The activity of rSsoPK5 was increased several-fold upon preincubation with either millimolar concentrations of 5'-AMP or submicromolar concentrations of ADP-ribose. Other mono- and di-nucleotides were ineffective. While activation was enhanced by the presence of ATP, no autophosphorylation of the protein kinase could be detected prior to addition of exogenous substrate proteins. We therefore suggest that ADP-ribose acts by evoking a conformational transition in the enzyme. Activation by ADP-ribose represents a potential regulatory link between chromatin remodeling and the activity of SsoPK5.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Archaeal Proteins / chemistry
  • Archaeal Proteins / genetics
  • Archaeal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multienzyme Complexes / chemistry
  • Multienzyme Complexes / genetics
  • Multienzyme Complexes / metabolism
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Kinases / chemistry
  • Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / chemistry
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Species Specificity
  • Sulfolobus solfataricus / enzymology*
  • Sulfolobus solfataricus / genetics


  • Archaeal Proteins
  • DNA Primers
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose
  • Protein Kinases
  • BUD32 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases