MRP-1/CD9 and KAI1/CD82 expression in normal and various cancer tissues

Int J Oncol. 1997 Nov;11(5):1045-51. doi: 10.3892/ijo.11.5.1045.

Abstract

As part of our evaluation of MRP-1/CD9 and KAI1/CD82 as prognostic predictors among patients with cancer, we have extended our studies to solid tumors of a variety of anatomical sites. Normal tissues were included for comparison. Immunohistochemical techniques were used throughout. Our results indicate that MRP-1/CD9 was strongly expressed by many normal tissues, including the epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract, alveolar epithelium of the lung, urothelium and smooth muscle. Expression was weak in the pituitary gland, spleen and hepatocytes, and absent in testes and spinal cord. KAI1/CD82 was also expressed by many normal tissues, but was absent in some MRP-1/CD9-positive tissues (e.g., smooth muscle, adrenal cortex, urothelium, myelin of peripheral nerves, epithelium of amnion). On the other hand, KAI1/CD82 was strongly expressed in spinal cord gray matter, which was MRP-1/CD9-negative. Expression of these glycoproteins was detected in almost all types of tumors examined. In certain cancers, MRP-1/CD9 and KAI1/CD82 positivity was inversely related to lymph node involvement. Whereas lymph node metastases were present in 22.2% of lung cancer patients whose tumors were MRP-1/CD9 and KAI1/CD82-positive, 65.5% of patients with MRP-1/CD9 and KAI1/CD82-reduced/negative tumors had lymph node metastases. A similar inverse relationship was seen in colon cancer and breast cancer patients with respect to MRP-1/CD9 expression. The present data, together with our previous results suggest that evaluating the MRP1/CD9 and KAI1/CD82 status of cancers of the lung, breast and colon may provide useful information on the metastatic potential of the tumors.