Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate observed/expected (O/E) lung-to-head ratio (LHR) by ultrasound (US) and total fetal lung volume (TFLV) by magnetic resonance imaging as neonatal outcome predictors in isolated fetal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).
Study design: We conducted a retrospective study of 72 fetuses with isolated CDH, in whom O/E LHR and TFLV were evaluated as survival predictors.
Results: O/E LHR on US and O/E TFLV by magnetic resonance imaging were significantly lower in newborn infants with isolated CDH who died compared with survivors (30.3 ± 8.3 vs 44.2 ± 14.2; P < .0001 for O/E LHR; 21.9 ± 6.3 vs 41.5 ± 17.6; P = .001 for O/E TFLV). Area under receiver-operator characteristics curve for survival for O/E LHR was 0.80 (95% confidence interval, 0.70-0.90). On multivariate analysis, O/E LHR predicted survival, whereas hernia side and first neonatal pH did not. For each unit increase in O/E LHR, mortality odds decreased by 11% (95% confidence interval, 4-17%).
Conclusion: In fetuses with isolated CDH, O/E LHR (US) independently predicts survival and may predict severity, allowing management to be optimized.
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