Background: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked primary immunodeficiency characterized by thrombocytopenia, eczema, infections, autoimmunity, and lymphomas. Transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells from HLA-identical donors is curative, but it is not available to all patients. We have developed a gene therapy (GT) approach for WAS by using a lentiviral vector encoding for human WAS promoter/cDNA (w1.6W) and demonstrated its preclinical efficacy and safety.
Objective: To evaluate B-cell reconstitution and correction of B-cell phenotype in GT-treated mice.
Methods: We transplanted Was(-/-) mice sublethally irradiated (700 rads) with lineage marker-depleted bone marrow wild-type cells, Was(-/-) cells untransduced or transduced with the w1.6W lentiviral vector and analyzed B-cell reconstitution in bone marrow, spleen, and peritoneum.
Results: Here we show that WAS protein(+) B cells were present in central and peripheral B-cell compartments from GT-treated mice and displayed the strongest selective advantage in the splenic marginal zone and peritoneal B1 cell subsets. After GT, splenic architecture was improved and B-cell functions were restored, as demonstrated by the improved antibody response to pneumococcal antigens and the reduction of serum IgG autoantibodies.
Conclusion: WAS GT leads to improvement of B-cell functions, even in the presence of a mixed chimerism, further validating the clinical application of the w1.6W lentiviral vector.
Copyright © 2011 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.