This forum has continued to discuss the inclusion of cancer on the global health agenda, and specifically the Millennium Development Goals. The seventh forum presented an overview of activities to date, supplemented by reports from Korea, local governments in Japan and representatives from the pharmaceutical industry. Discussion focused on how to engage in measures to tackle cancer prevention and achieve early detection and effective treatment, using limited resources. It was recognized that with non-communicable diseases gaining increasing attention in international dialogue, it is now of the utmost importance to share an accurate recognition of cancer research and treatment throughout Asia and the wider world. Participants concurred that cancer issues are decoupled from the development aid agenda and that cooperation should be advanced on the basis of international cooperation without recourse to governmental development aid.