The long-term effects of nedocromil sodium and beclomethasone dipropionate on bronchial responsiveness to methacholine in nonatopic asthmatic subjects

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990 Jan;141(1):21-8. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/141.1.21.


We investigated the effects of long-term treatment with two anti-inflammatory drugs, nedocromil sodium and beclomethasone dipropionate, on airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine (PC20), on baseline FEV1 and on the bronchodilating effect of a deep breath in 25 nonsteroid-dependent nonatopic asthmatic adults. In all subjects the prestudy PC20 was less than 8 mg/ml, the postbronchodilator FEV1 was greater than 75% predicted, and skin prick tests and RAST to 13 common allergens were negative. After 2 months run-in, the subjects were randomly allocated into 3 parallel treatment groups to inhale double-blind either 4 mg nedocromil (n = 9) or 100 micrograms beclomethasone (n = 8) or placebo (n = 8) 4 times daily for 4 months. PC20 was measured using the 2-min tidal breathing method. The effect of a deep breath was measured during methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction by standardized maximal and partial expiratory flow-volume curves and was expressed as a flow ratio (M/P ratio). Pretreatment values of FEV1, PC20, and M/P ratio were not different between the 3 groups. PC20 did not change in the placebo group, but increased significantly by a factor of 3 after 8 wk of treatment with beclomethasone or nedocromil (p less than 0.001). FEV1 did not change after treatment with placebo or nedocromil (p greater than 0.2), but increased (mean change 0.2 L, SD 0.2) after 4 wk of treatment with beclomethasone (p less than 0.05). Geometric mean M/P ratio increased from 1.98 to 2.66 after 4 wk of beclomethasone (p less than 0.01), but not after nedocromil or placebo.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use
  • Asthma / drug therapy*
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Beclomethasone / administration & dosage*
  • Beclomethasone / therapeutic use
  • Bronchi / drug effects
  • Bronchi / physiopathology*
  • Bronchial Provocation Tests
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Methacholine Chloride
  • Methacholine Compounds*
  • Middle Aged
  • Nedocromil
  • Quinolones / administration & dosage*
  • Quinolones / therapeutic use
  • Skin Tests


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Methacholine Compounds
  • Quinolones
  • Nedocromil
  • Methacholine Chloride
  • Beclomethasone