Family leader empowerment program using participatory learning process for dengue vector control

J Med Assoc Thai. 2011 Feb;94(2):235-41.


Objective: Assess the performance of the empowerment program using participatory learning process for the control of Dengue vector The program focuses on using the leaders of families as the main executer of the vector control protocol.

Material and method: This quasi-experimental research utilized the two-group pretest-posttest design. The sample group consisted of 120 family leaders from two communities in Mueang Municipality, Chachoengsao Province. The research was conducted during an 8-week period between April and June 2010. The data were collected and analyzed based on frequency, percentage, mean, paired t-test, and independent t-test. The result was evaluated by comparing the difference between the mean prevalence index of mosquito larvae before and after the process implementation in terms of the container index (CI) and the house index (HI).

Results: After spending eight weeks in the empowerment program, the family leader's behavior in the aspect of Dengue vector control has improved. The Container Index and the House Index were found to decrease with p = 0.05 statistical significance.

Conclusion: The reduction of CI and HI suggested that the program worked well in the selected communities. The success of the Dengue vector control program depended on cooperation and participation of many groups, especially the families in the community When the family leaders have good attitude and are capable of carrying out the vector control protocol, the risk factor leading to the incidence of Dengue rims infection can be reduced.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Community Participation*
  • Community-Based Participatory Research
  • Dengue / prevention & control*
  • Family Characteristics
  • Family Health*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Learning*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mosquito Control*
  • Power, Psychological*
  • Program Development
  • Program Evaluation
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Thailand