Down syndrome is associated with a significant health burden, which is particularly apparent in young children who will frequently present with cardiac and respiratory problems. Respiratory presentations include problems related to structural abnormalities of the airways and lungs, glue ears, recurrent lower respiratory tract infections and obstructive sleep apnoea. These conditions are readily identifiable and able to be treated. An awareness of the breadth of respiratory problems and a plan to monitor patients with Down syndrome for their development has the potential to improve outcomes.
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2011 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).