Quantitative assessment of lactate and progerin production in normal human cutaneous cells during normal ageing: effect of an Alaria esculenta extract

Int J Cosmet Sci. 2011 Oct;33(5):462-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2494.2011.00656.x. Epub 2011 May 3.

Abstract

Anti-ageing products are of a great importance in cosmetic fields. However, even if numerous strategies have been proposed to fight against skin ageing or to minimize its aesthetic impact since the beginning of the 'scientific cosmetology' era, the products basing their efficacy on the observation of pathological situations are rare. The most obvious pathology linked to the ageing of skin (notably) consists in the Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS), a rare disorder characterized by accelerated ageing and early death. In this disease the lamin A, a protein participating (with others lamins) in the formation of the nuclear lamina and implicated in nuclear stability, chromatin structure and gene expression, is present in a truncated version called progerin. In this study, we have examined the lactate and the progerin production of human normal cutaneous cells issued from subjects of different ages. Using a sensitive and specific progerin ELISA assay developed in house, we so provide the first quantitative demonstration of an increased progerin expression and lactate production in skin during ageing. Moreover, we have also demonstrated that in the selected experimental conditions, it was possible to down-regulate the progerin production of aged cells by using an algae extract. As this extract, an Alaria esculenta extract, could be used in cosmetic formulations, we suggest that a better understanding of the skin pathologies could be a useful tool in developing efficient active compounds, attractive for but not limited to cosmetic purposes.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Humans
  • Lactates / metabolism*
  • Lamin Type A
  • Nuclear Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Phaeophyta / metabolism*
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Protein Precursors / biosynthesis*
  • Skin / drug effects*
  • Skin / metabolism

Substances

  • Lactates
  • Lamin Type A
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Plant Extracts
  • Protein Precursors
  • prelamin A