The effect of contralateral training: Influence of unilateral isokinetic exercise on one-legged standing balance of the contralateral lower extremity in adults

Gait Posture. 2011 May;34(1):103-6. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.03.022. Epub 2011 May 4.


Purpose: To investigate the effects of unilateral isokinetic exercises on the one-legged standing balance of the contralateral lower extremity.

Subjects: A volunteer sample of 32 healthy adults (12 men and 20 women) was randomized to training and control groups.

Methods: The training group received unilateral hip isokinetic exercises of the dominant leg for two weeks. Contralateral single-limb balance was measured before and after intervention, including three stability index scores of balance using Biodex Stability System: Anterior-Posterior Stability Index (APSI), Medio-lateral Stability Index (MLSI), and Overall Stability Index (OSI) scores.

Results: Comparison of pre-test and post-test data revealed significant improvements in APSI, MLSI, and OSI scores in the training group (p<0.05), but not in the control group. The gains of stability scores from pre- to post-test, were also significantly greater (p<0.05) in the training group than the control group.

Conclusion: These results suggest that contralateral training with unilateral isokinetic exercises increases the one-legged standing balance of the contralateral limb following a short duration of training.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lower Extremity / physiology*
  • Male
  • Postural Balance / physiology*
  • Resistance Training / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome