Social context in school: its relation to adolescents' depressive mood

J Adolesc. 2012 Feb;35(1):143-52. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.04.002. Epub 2011 May 4.


This study examined the impact of various school-related factors on adolescents' depressive mood, including prosocial behavior, verbal aggression, and relationships with teachers. The data used in this study were collected in the context of a larger survey on victimization in secondary schools from the French Community of Belgium. Participants were 2896 secondary school students (1520 males; 1376 females) aged 12-18 years. Results showed that for both genders, the three strongest predictors of depressive mood were age, feeling of exclusion, and verbal aggression. This study focusing on school-related predictors of depressive mood confirmed the importance of the social context in school as a predictor of depression in both girls and boys.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / psychology*
  • Age Factors
  • Aggression
  • Child
  • Depressive Disorder*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychology, Adolescent*
  • Schools
  • Social Isolation
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires