Site-dependent expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, angiogenesis and proliferation in human gastric carcinoma

Int J Oncol. 1996 Apr;8(4):701-5.


To determine the role of site of tumor implantation on tumor angiogenesis, we implanted gastric cancer cells in the orthotopic (stomach) and ectopic (subcutaneous) locations in nude mice. Tumors in the stomach demonstrated greater vascularization, higher levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, and greater proliferation compared with tumors in the subcutaneous tissues. These data suggest that the relationships among the expression of VEGF, vascularization, and proliferation of human gastric cancer cells are regulated by the organ microenvironment. In addition, VEGF may provide a target for anti-angiogenic therapy for gastric cancers.